- In 2022, higher top tax rates on personal income predicted population losses.
- The map shows the top tax rate and the rate of population change for states with at least 5,000 population change.
- Arrows to the left indicate a population loss while arrows to the right indicate a population gain.
- In 2022, eight of the ten lowest tax states experienced population gains.
- By contrast, in 2022, six of the ten highest tax states experienced population losses.